blob: ecfa44282705710d84eac905106b140f6fc80d13 [file] [log] [blame]
=head1 NAME
- HTTP client low-level functions
#include <openssl/http.h>
typedef struct ossl_http_req_ctx_st OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX;
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new(BIO *wbio, BIO *rbio, int buf_size);
int OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_request_line(OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx, int method_POST,
const char *server, const char *port,
const char *path);
int OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_add1_header(OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx,
const char *name, const char *value);
int OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_expected(OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx,
const char *content_type, int asn1,
int timeout, int keep_alive);
int OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set1_req(OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx, const char *content_type,
const ASN1_ITEM *it, const ASN1_VALUE *req);
ASN1_VALUE **pval, const ASN1_ITEM *it);
BIO *OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get0_mem_bio(const OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx);
size_t OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get_resp_len(const OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx);
void OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_max_response_length(OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx,
unsigned long len);
int OSSL_HTTP_is_alive(const OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX *rctx);
B<OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX> is a context structure for an HTTP request and response,
used to collect all the necessary data to perform that request.
This file documents low-level HTTP functions rarely used directly. High-level
HTTP client functions like L<OSSL_HTTP_get(3)> and L<OSSL_HTTP_transfer(3)>
should be preferred.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new() allocates a new HTTP request context structure,
which gets populated with the B<BIO> to write/send the request to (I<wbio>),
the B<BIO> to read/receive the response from (I<rbio>, which may be equal to
I<wbio>), and the maximum expected response header line length I<buf_size>.
A value <= 0 indicates that
the B<OSSL_HTTP_DEFAULT_MAX_LINE_LEN> of 4KiB should be used.
I<buf_size> is also used as the number of content bytes that are read at a time.
The allocated context structure is also populated with an internal allocated
memory B<BIO>, which collects the HTTP request and additional headers as text.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_free() frees up the HTTP request context I<rctx>.
The I<rbio> is not free'd, I<wbio> will be free'd if I<free_wbio> is set.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_request_line() adds the HTTP request line to the context.
The HTTP method is determined by I<method_POST>,
which should be 1 to indicate C<POST> or 0 to indicate C<GET>.
I<server> and I<port> may be set to indicate a proxy server and port
that the request should go through, otherwise they should be left NULL.
I<path> is the HTTP request path; if left NULL, C</> is used.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_add1_header() adds header I<name> with value I<value> to the
context I<rctx>. It can be called more than once to add multiple headers.
For example, to add a C<Host> header for C<> you would call:
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_add1_header(ctx, "Host", "");
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_expected() optionally sets in I<rctx> some expectations
of the HTTP client on the response.
Due to the structure of an HTTP request, if the I<keep_alive> argument is
nonzero the function must be used before calling OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set1_req().
If the I<content_type> parameter
is not NULL then the client will check that the given content type string
is included in the HTTP header of the response and return an error if not.
If the I<asn1> parameter is nonzero a structure in ASN.1 encoding will be
expected as the response content and input streaming is disabled. This means
that an ASN.1 sequence header is required, its length field is checked, and
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get0_mem_bio() should be used to get the buffered response.
Otherwise any input format is allowed without length checks, which is the default.
In this case the BIO given as I<rbio> argument to OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new() should
be used directly to read the response contents, which may support streaming.
If the I<timeout> parameter is > 0 this indicates the maximum number of seconds
the subsequent HTTP transfer (sending the request and receiving a response)
is allowed to take.
I<timeout> == 0 enables waiting indefinitely, i.e., no timeout can occur.
This is the default.
I<timeout> < 0 takes over any value set via the I<overall_timeout> argument of
L<OSSL_HTTP_open(3)> with the default being 0, which means no timeout.
If the I<keep_alive> parameter is 0, which is the default, the connection is not
kept open after receiving a response. This is the default behavior for HTTP 1.0.
If the value is 1 or 2 then a persistent connection is requested.
If the value is 2 then a persistent connection is required,
i.e., an error occurs in case the server does not grant it.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set1_req() finalizes the HTTP request context.
It is needed if the I<method_POST> parameter in the
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_request_line() call was 1
and an ASN.1-encoded request should be sent.
It must also be used when requesting "keep-alive",
even if a GET request is going to be sent, in which case I<req> must be NULL.
Unless I<req> is NULL, the function adds the DER encoding of I<req> using
the ASN.1 template I<it> to do the encoding (which does not support streaming).
The HTTP header C<Content-Length> is filled out with the length of the request.
I<content_type> must be NULL if I<req> is NULL.
If I<content_type> isn't NULL,
the HTTP header C<Content-Type> is also added with the given string value.
All of this ends up in the internal memory B<BIO>.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio() attempts to send the request prepared in I<rctx>
and to gather the response via HTTP, using the I<wbio> and I<rbio>
that were given when calling OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new().
The function may need to be called again if its result is -1, which indicates
L<BIO_should_retry(3)>. In such a case it is advisable to sleep a little in
between, using L<BIO_wait(3)> on the read BIO to prevent a busy loop.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio_d2i() is like OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio() but on success
in addition parses the response, which must be a DER-encoded ASN.1 structure,
using the ASN.1 template I<it> and places the result in I<*pval>.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_exchange() calls OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio() as often as needed
in order to exchange a request and response or until a timeout is reached.
On success it returns a pointer to the BIO that can be used to read the result.
If an ASN.1-encoded response was expected, this is the BIO
returned by OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get0_mem_bio() when called after the exchange.
This memory BIO does not support streaming.
Otherwise it may be the I<rbio> given when calling OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new(),
and this BIO has been read past the end of the response headers,
such that the actual response body can be read via this BIO,
which may support streaming.
The returned BIO pointer must not be freed by the caller.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get0_mem_bio() returns the internal memory B<BIO>.
Before sending the request, this could used to modify the HTTP request text.
I<Use with caution!>
After receiving a response via HTTP, the BIO represents the current state of
reading the response headers. If the response was expected to be ASN.1 encoded,
its contents can be read via this BIO, which does not support streaming.
The returned BIO pointer must not be freed by the caller.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get_resp_len() returns the size of the response contents
in I<rctx> if provided by the server as <Content-Length> header field, else 0.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_max_response_length() sets the maximum allowed
response content length for I<rctx> to I<len>. If not set or I<len> is 0
then the B<OSSL_HTTP_DEFAULT_MAX_RESP_LEN> is used, which currently is 100 KiB.
If the C<Content-Length> header is present and exceeds this value or
the content is an ASN.1 encoded structure with a length exceeding this value
or both length indications are present but disagree then an error occurs.
OSSL_HTTP_is_alive() can be used to query if the HTTP connection
given by I<rctx> is still alive, i.e., has not been closed.
It returns 0 if I<rctx> is NULL.
If the client application requested or required a persistent connection
and this was granted by the server, it can keep I<rctx> as long as it wants
to send further requests and OSSL_HTTP_is_alive() returns nonzero,
else it should call I<OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_free(rctx)> or L<OSSL_HTTP_close(3)>.
In case the client application keeps I<rctx> but the connection then dies
for any reason at the server side, it will notice this obtaining an
I/O error when trying to send the next request via I<rctx>.
The server's response may be unexpected if the hostname that was used to
create the I<wbio>, any C<Host> header, and the host specified in the
request URL do not match.
Many of these functions must be called in a certain order.
First, the HTTP request context must be allocated:
Then, the HTTP request must be prepared with request data:
=over 4
=item 1.
Calling OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_request_line().
=item 2.
Adding extra headers with OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_add1_header().
This is optional and may be done multiple times with different names.
=item 3.
Finalize the request using OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set1_req().
This may be omitted if the GET method is used and "keep-alive" is not requested.
When the request context is fully prepared, the HTTP exchange may be performed
with OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio() or OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_exchange().
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_new() returns a pointer to a B<OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX>, or NULL
on error.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_free() and OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_max_response_length()
do not return values.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_request_line(), OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_add1_header(),
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set1_req(), and OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_set_expected()
return 1 for success and 0 for failure.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio() and OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_nbio_d2i()
return 1 for success, 0 on error or redirection, -1 if retry is needed.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_exchange() and OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get0_mem_bio()
return a pointer to a B<BIO> on success and NULL on failure.
The returned BIO must not be freed by the caller.
OSSL_HTTP_REQ_CTX_get_resp_len() returns the size of the response contents
or 0 if not available or an error occurred.
OSSL_HTTP_is_alive() returns 1 if its argument is non-NULL
and the client requested a persistent connection
and the server did not disagree on keeping the connection open, else 0.
=head1 SEE ALSO
=head1 HISTORY
The functions described here were added in OpenSSL 3.0.
Copyright 2015-2022 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.
Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at