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=head1 NAME
SSL_CTX_set_mode, SSL_CTX_clear_mode, SSL_set_mode, SSL_clear_mode, SSL_CTX_get_mode, SSL_get_mode - manipulate SSL engine mode
#include <openssl/ssl.h>
long SSL_CTX_set_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx, long mode);
long SSL_CTX_clear_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx, long mode);
long SSL_set_mode(SSL *ssl, long mode);
long SSL_clear_mode(SSL *ssl, long mode);
long SSL_CTX_get_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx);
long SSL_get_mode(SSL *ssl);
SSL_CTX_set_mode() adds the mode set via bit-mask in B<mode> to B<ctx>.
Options already set before are not cleared.
SSL_CTX_clear_mode() removes the mode set via bit-mask in B<mode> from B<ctx>.
SSL_set_mode() adds the mode set via bit-mask in B<mode> to B<ssl>.
Options already set before are not cleared.
SSL_clear_mode() removes the mode set via bit-mask in B<mode> from B<ssl>.
SSL_CTX_get_mode() returns the mode set for B<ctx>.
SSL_get_mode() returns the mode set for B<ssl>.
=head1 NOTES
The following mode changes are available:
=over 4
Allow SSL_write_ex(..., n, &r) to return with 0 < r < n (i.e. report success
when just a single record has been written). This works in a similar way for
SSL_write(). When not set (the default), SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() will only
report success once the complete chunk was written. Once SSL_write_ex() or
SSL_write() returns successful, B<r> bytes have been written and the next call
to SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() must only send the n-r bytes left, imitating
the behaviour of write().
Make it possible to retry SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() with changed buffer
location (the buffer contents must stay the same). This is not the default to
avoid the misconception that nonblocking SSL_write() behaves like
nonblocking write().
During normal operations, non-application data records might need to be sent or
received that the application is not aware of.
If a non-application data record was processed,
L<SSL_read_ex(3)> and L<SSL_read(3)> can return with a failure and indicate the
need to retry with B<SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ>.
If such a non-application data record was processed, the flag
B<SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY> causes it to try to process the next record instead of
In a nonblocking environment applications must be prepared to handle
incomplete read/write operations.
Setting B<SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY> for a nonblocking B<BIO> will process
non-application data records until either no more data is available or
an application data record has been processed.
In a blocking environment, applications are not always prepared to
deal with the functions returning intermediate reports such as retry
requests, and setting the B<SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY> flag will cause the functions
to only return after successfully processing an application data record or a
Turning off B<SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY> can be useful with blocking B<BIO>s in case
they are used in combination with something like select() or poll().
Otherwise the call to SSL_read() or SSL_read_ex() might hang when a
non-application record was sent and no application data was sent.
When we no longer need a read buffer or a write buffer for a given SSL,
then release the memory we were using to hold it.
Using this flag can
save around 34k per idle SSL connection.
This flag has no effect on SSL v2 connections, or on DTLS connections.
Send TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV in the ClientHello.
To be set only by applications that reconnect with a downgraded protocol
version; see draft-ietf-tls-downgrade-scsv-00 for details.
DO NOT ENABLE THIS if your application attempts a normal handshake.
Only use this in explicit fallback retries, following the guidance
in draft-ietf-tls-downgrade-scsv-00.
Enable asynchronous processing. TLS I/O operations may indicate a retry with
SSL_ERROR_WANT_ASYNC with this mode set if an asynchronous capable engine is
used to perform cryptographic operations. See L<SSL_get_error(3)>.
Older versions of OpenSSL had a bug in the computation of the label length
used for computing the endpoint-pair shared secret. The bug was that the
terminating zero was included in the length of the label. Setting this option
enables this behaviour to allow interoperability with such broken
implementations. Please note that setting this option breaks interoperability
with correct implementations. This option only applies to DTLS over SCTP.
All modes are off by default except for SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY which is on by
default since 1.1.1.
SSL_CTX_set_mode() and SSL_set_mode() return the new mode bit-mask
after adding B<mode>.
SSL_CTX_get_mode() and SSL_get_mode() return the current bit-mask.
=head1 SEE ALSO
L<ssl(7)>, L<SSL_read_ex(3)>, L<SSL_read(3)>, L<SSL_write_ex(3)> or
L<SSL_write(3)>, L<SSL_get_error(3)>
=head1 HISTORY
SSL_MODE_ASYNC was added in OpenSSL 1.1.0.
Copyright 2001-2021 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.
Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at