blob: e210d2ac94d342a98f9f66535e8b23b60c44f121 [file] [log] [blame]
// Copyright 2014 The Flutter Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
import 'dart:math' as math;
import 'package:meta/meta.dart';
import 'package:process/process.dart';
import 'android/android_emulator.dart';
import 'android/android_sdk.dart';
import 'android/android_workflow.dart';
import 'android/java.dart';
import 'base/context.dart';
import 'base/file_system.dart';
import 'base/logger.dart';
import 'base/process.dart';
import 'device.dart';
import 'ios/ios_emulators.dart';
EmulatorManager? get emulatorManager => context.get<EmulatorManager>();
/// A class to get all available emulators.
class EmulatorManager {
required Java? java,
AndroidSdk? androidSdk,
required Logger logger,
required ProcessManager processManager,
required AndroidWorkflow androidWorkflow,
required FileSystem fileSystem,
}) : _java = java,
_androidSdk = androidSdk,
_processUtils = ProcessUtils(logger: logger, processManager: processManager),
_androidEmulators = AndroidEmulators(
androidSdk: androidSdk,
logger: logger,
processManager: processManager,
fileSystem: fileSystem,
androidWorkflow: androidWorkflow
) {
final Java? _java;
final AndroidSdk? _androidSdk;
final AndroidEmulators _androidEmulators;
final ProcessUtils _processUtils;
// Constructing EmulatorManager is cheap; they only do expensive work if some
// of their methods are called.
final List<EmulatorDiscovery> _emulatorDiscoverers = <EmulatorDiscovery>[
Future<List<Emulator>> getEmulatorsMatching(String searchText) async {
final List<Emulator> emulators = await getAllAvailableEmulators();
searchText = searchText.toLowerCase();
bool exactlyMatchesEmulatorId(Emulator emulator) => == searchText || == searchText;
bool startsWithEmulatorId(Emulator emulator) => ||;
Emulator? exactMatch;
for (final Emulator emulator in emulators) {
if (exactlyMatchesEmulatorId(emulator)) {
exactMatch = emulator;
if (exactMatch != null) {
return <Emulator>[exactMatch];
// Match on a id or name starting with [emulatorId].
return emulators.where(startsWithEmulatorId).toList();
Iterable<EmulatorDiscovery> get _platformDiscoverers {
return _emulatorDiscoverers.where((EmulatorDiscovery discoverer) => discoverer.supportsPlatform);
/// Return the list of all available emulators.
Future<List<Emulator>> getAllAvailableEmulators() async {
final List<Emulator> emulators = <Emulator>[];
await Future.forEach<EmulatorDiscovery>(_platformDiscoverers, (EmulatorDiscovery discoverer) async {
emulators.addAll(await discoverer.emulators);
return emulators;
/// Return the list of all available emulators.
Future<CreateEmulatorResult> createEmulator({ String? name }) async {
if (name == null || name.isEmpty) {
const String autoName = 'flutter_emulator';
// Don't use getEmulatorsMatching here, as it will only return one
// if there's an exact match and we need all those with this prefix
// so we can keep adding suffixes until we miss.
final List<Emulator> all = await getAllAvailableEmulators();
final Set<String> takenNames = all
.map<String>((Emulator e) =>
.where((String id) => id.startsWith(autoName))
int suffix = 1;
name = autoName;
while (takenNames.contains(name)) {
name = '${autoName}_${++suffix}';
final String emulatorName = name!;
final String? avdManagerPath = _androidSdk?.avdManagerPath;
if (avdManagerPath == null || !_androidEmulators.canLaunchAnything) {
return CreateEmulatorResult(emulatorName,
success: false, error: 'avdmanager is missing from the Android SDK'
final String? device = await _getPreferredAvailableDevice(avdManagerPath);
if (device == null) {
return CreateEmulatorResult(emulatorName,
success: false, error: 'No device definitions are available');
final String? sdkId = await _getPreferredSdkId(avdManagerPath);
if (sdkId == null) {
return CreateEmulatorResult(emulatorName,
success: false,
'No suitable Android AVD system images are available. You may need to install these'
' using sdkmanager, for example:\n'
' sdkmanager "system-images;android-27;google_apis_playstore;x86"');
// Cleans up error output from avdmanager to make it more suitable to show
// to flutter users. Specifically:
// - Removes lines that say "null" (!)
// - Removes lines that tell the user to use '--force' to overwrite emulators
String? cleanError(String? error) {
if (error == null || error.trim() == '') {
return null;
return error
.where((String l) => l.trim() != 'null')
.where((String l) =>
l.trim() != 'Use --force if you want to replace it.')
final RunResult runResult = await<String>[
'-n', emulatorName,
'-k', sdkId,
'-d', device,
], environment: _java?.environment,
return CreateEmulatorResult(
success: runResult.exitCode == 0,
output: runResult.stdout,
error: cleanError(runResult.stderr),
static const List<String> preferredDevices = <String>[
Future<String?> _getPreferredAvailableDevice(String avdManagerPath) async {
final List<String> args = <String>[
final RunResult runResult = await,
environment: _java?.environment);
if (runResult.exitCode != 0) {
return null;
final List<String> availableDevices = runResult.stdout
.where((String l) => preferredDevices.contains(l.trim()))
for (final String device in preferredDevices) {
if (availableDevices.contains(device)) {
return device;
return null;
static final RegExp _androidApiVersion = RegExp(r';android-(\d+);');
Future<String?> _getPreferredSdkId(String avdManagerPath) async {
// It seems that to get the available list of images, we need to send a
// request to create without the image and it'll provide us a list :-(
final List<String> args = <String>[
'-n', 'temp',
final RunResult runResult = await,
environment: _java?.environment);
// Get the list of IDs that match our criteria
final List<String> availableIDs = runResult.stderr
.where((String l) => _androidApiVersion.hasMatch(l))
.where((String l) => l.contains('system-images'))
.where((String l) => l.contains('google_apis_playstore'))
final List<int> availableApiVersions = availableIDs
.map<String>((String id) => _androidApiVersion.firstMatch(id)!.group(1)!)
.map<int>((String apiVersion) => int.parse(apiVersion))
// Get the highest Android API version or whats left
final int apiVersion = availableApiVersions.isNotEmpty
? availableApiVersions.reduce(math.max)
: -1; // Don't match below
// We're out of preferences, we just have to return the first one with the high
// API version.
for (final String id in availableIDs) {
if (id.contains(';android-$apiVersion;')) {
return id;
return null;
/// Whether we're capable of listing any emulators given the current environment configuration.
bool get canListAnything {
return _platformDiscoverers.any((EmulatorDiscovery discoverer) => discoverer.canListAnything);
/// An abstract class to discover and enumerate a specific type of emulators.
abstract class EmulatorDiscovery {
bool get supportsPlatform;
/// Whether this emulator discovery is capable of listing any emulators.
bool get canListAnything;
/// Whether this emulator discovery is capable of launching new emulators.
bool get canLaunchAnything;
Future<List<Emulator>> get emulators;
abstract class Emulator {
const Emulator(, this.hasConfig);
final String id;
final bool hasConfig;
String get name;
String? get manufacturer;
Category get category;
PlatformType get platformType;
int get hashCode => id.hashCode;
bool operator ==(Object other) {
if (identical(this, other)) {
return true;
return other is Emulator
&& == id;
Future<void> launch({bool coldBoot});
String toString() => name;
static List<String> descriptions(List<Emulator> emulators) {
if (emulators.isEmpty) {
return <String>[];
// Extract emulators information
final List<List<String>> table = <List<String>>[
for (final Emulator emulator in emulators)
emulator.manufacturer ?? '',
// Calculate column widths
final List<int> indices = List<int>.generate(table[0].length - 1, (int i) => i);
List<int> widths =<int>((int i) => 0).toList();
for (final List<String> row in table) {
widths =<int>((int i) => math.max(widths[i], row[i].length)).toList();
// Join columns into lines of text
final RegExp whiteSpaceAndDots = RegExp(r'[•\s]+$');
return table
.map<String>((List<String> row) {
return indices
.map<String>((int i) => row[i].padRight(widths[i]))
.join(' • ');
.map<String>((String line) => line.replaceAll(whiteSpaceAndDots, ''))
static void printEmulators(List<Emulator> emulators, Logger logger) {
class CreateEmulatorResult {
CreateEmulatorResult(this.emulatorName, {required this.success, this.output, this.error});
final bool success;
final String emulatorName;
final String? output;
final String? error;