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README for libpng version 1.6.43.git
See the note about version numbers near the top of `png.h`.
See `INSTALL` for instructions on how to install libpng.
Libpng comes in several distribution formats. Get `libpng-*.tar.gz`
or `libpng-*.tar.xz` if you want UNIX-style line endings in the text
files, or `lpng*.7z` or `lpng*.zip` if you want DOS-style line endings.
For a detailed description on using libpng, read `libpng-manual.txt`.
For examples of libpng in a program, see `example.c` and `pngtest.c`.
For usage information and restrictions (what little they are) on libpng,
see `png.h`. For a description on using zlib (the compression library
used by libpng) and zlib's restrictions, see `zlib.h`.
You should use zlib 1.0.4 or later to run this, but it _may_ work with
versions as old as zlib 0.95. Even so, there are bugs in older zlib
versions which can cause the output of invalid compression streams for
some images.
You should also note that zlib is a compression library that is useful
for more things than just PNG files. You can use zlib as a drop-in
replacement for `fread()` and `fwrite()`, if you are so inclined.
zlib should be available at the same place that libpng is, or at .
You may also want a copy of the PNG specification. It is available
as an RFC, a W3C Recommendation, and an ISO/IEC Standard. You can find
these at .
This code is currently being archived at
in the download area, and at .
This release, based in a large way on Glenn's, Guy's and Andreas'
earlier work, was created and will be supported by myself and the PNG
development group.
Send comments, corrections and commendations to `png-mng-implement`
at ``. (Subscription is required; visit
to subscribe.)
Send general questions about the PNG specification to `png-mng-misc`
at ``. (Subscription is required; visit
to subscribe.)
Historical notes
The libpng library has been in extensive use and testing since mid-1995.
Version 0.89, published a year later, was the first official release.
By late 1997, it had finally gotten to the stage where there hadn't
been significant changes to the API in some time, and people have a bad
feeling about libraries with versions below 1.0. Version 1.0.0 was
released in March 1998.
Note that some of the changes to the `png_info` structure render this
version of the library binary incompatible with libpng-0.89 or
earlier versions if you are using a shared library. The type of the
`filler` parameter for `png_set_filler()` has changed from `png_byte`
to `png_uint_32`, which will affect shared-library applications that
use this function.
To avoid problems with changes to the internals of the `info_struct`,
new APIs have been made available in 0.95 to avoid direct application
access to `info_ptr`. These functions are the `png_set_<chunk>` and
`png_get_<chunk>` functions. These functions should be used when
accessing/storing the `info_struct` data, rather than manipulating it
directly, to avoid such problems in the future.
It is important to note that the APIs did not make current programs
that access the info struct directly incompatible with the new
library, through libpng-1.2.x. In libpng-1.4.x, which was meant to
be a transitional release, members of the `png_struct` and the
`info_struct` can still be accessed, but the compiler will issue a
warning about deprecated usage. Since libpng-1.5.0, direct access
to these structs is not allowed, and the definitions of the structs
reside in private `pngstruct.h` and `pnginfo.h` header files that are
not accessible to applications. It is strongly suggested that new
programs use the new APIs (as shown in `example.c` and `pngtest.c`),
and older programs be converted to the new format, to facilitate
upgrades in the future.
The additions since 0.89 include the ability to read from a PNG stream
which has had some (or all) of the signature bytes read by the calling
application. This also allows the reading of embedded PNG streams that
do not have the PNG file signature. As well, it is now possible to set
the library action on the detection of chunk CRC errors. It is possible
to set different actions based on whether the CRC error occurred in a
critical or an ancillary chunk.
The additions since 0.90 include the ability to compile libpng as a
Windows DLL, and new APIs for accessing data in the `info_struct`.
Experimental functions included the ability to set weighting and cost
factors for row filter selection, direct reads of integers from buffers
on big-endian processors that support misaligned data access, faster
methods of doing alpha composition, and more accurate 16-to-8 bit color
conversion. Some of these experimental functions, such as the weighted
filter heuristics, have since been removed.
Files included in this distribution
ANNOUNCE => Announcement of this version, with recent changes
AUTHORS => List of contributing authors
CHANGES => Description of changes between libpng versions
INSTALL => Instructions to install libpng
LICENSE => License to use and redistribute libpng
README => This file
TODO => Things not implemented in the current library
TRADEMARK => Trademark information
example.c => Example code for using libpng functions
libpng.3 => Manual page for libpng (includes libpng-manual.txt)
libpng-manual.txt => Description of libpng and its functions
libpngpf.3 => Manual page for libpng's private functions (deprecated)
png.5 => Manual page for the PNG format
png.c => Basic interface functions common to library
png.h => Library function and interface declarations (public)
pngpriv.h => Library function and interface declarations (private)
pngconf.h => System specific library configuration (public)
pngstruct.h => png_struct declaration (private)
pnginfo.h => png_info struct declaration (private)
pngdebug.h => debugging macros (private)
pngerror.c => Error/warning message I/O functions
pngget.c => Functions for retrieving info from struct
pngmem.c => Memory handling functions
pngbar.png => PNG logo, 88x31
pngnow.png => PNG logo, 98x31
pngpread.c => Progressive reading functions
pngread.c => Read data/helper high-level functions
pngrio.c => Lowest-level data read I/O functions
pngrtran.c => Read data transformation functions
pngrutil.c => Read data utility functions
pngset.c => Functions for storing data into the info_struct
pngtest.c => Library test program
pngtest.png => Library test sample image
pngtrans.c => Common data transformation functions
pngwio.c => Lowest-level write I/O functions
pngwrite.c => High-level write functions
pngwtran.c => Write data transformations
pngwutil.c => Write utility functions
arm/ => Optimized code for the ARM platform
intel/ => Optimized code for the INTEL-SSE2 platform
mips/ => Optimized code for the MIPS platform
powerpc/ => Optimized code for the PowerPC platform
ci/ => Scripts for continuous integration
contrib/ => External contributions
arm-neon/ => Optimized code for the ARM-NEON platform
mips-msa/ => Optimized code for the MIPS-MSA platform
powerpc-vsx/ => Optimized code for the POWERPC-VSX platform
examples/ => Examples of libpng usage
gregbook/ => Source code for PNG reading and writing, from
"PNG: The Definitive Guide" by Greg Roelofs,
O'Reilly, 1999
libtests/ => Test programs
oss-fuzz/ => Files used by the OSS-Fuzz project for fuzz-testing
pngminim/ => Minimal decoder, encoder, and progressive decoder
programs demonstrating the use of pngusr.dfa
pngminus/ => Simple pnm2png and png2pnm programs
pngsuite/ => Test images
testpngs/ => Test images
tools/ => Various tools
visupng/ => VisualPng, a Windows viewer for PNG images
projects/ => Project files and workspaces for various IDEs
owatcom/ => OpenWatcom project
visualc71/ => Microsoft Visual C++ 7.1 workspace
vstudio/ => Microsoft Visual Studio workspace
scripts/ => Scripts and makefiles for building libpng
(see scripts/README.txt for the complete list)
tests/ => Test scripts
Good luck, and happy coding!
* Cosmin Truta (current maintainer, since 2018)
* Glenn Randers-Pehrson (former maintainer, 1998-2018)
* Andreas Eric Dilger (former maintainer, 1996-1997)
* Guy Eric Schalnat (original author and former maintainer, 1995-1996)
(formerly of Group 42, Inc.)