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rpng - simple PNG display program readpng.c
Copyright (c) 1998-2007,2017 Greg Roelofs. All rights reserved.
This software is provided "as is," without warranty of any kind,
express or implied. In no event shall the author or contributors
be held liable for any damages arising in any way from the use of
this software.
The contents of this file are DUAL-LICENSED. You may modify and/or
redistribute this software according to the terms of one of the
following two licenses (at your option):
LICENSE 1 ("BSD-like with advertising clause"):
Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute
it freely, subject to the following restrictions:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, disclaimer, and this list of conditions.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, disclaimer, and this list of conditions in the documenta-
tion and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
software must display the following acknowledgment:
This product includes software developed by Greg Roelofs
and contributors for the book, "PNG: The Definitive Guide,"
published by O'Reilly and Associates.
LICENSE 2 (GNU GPL v2 or later):
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <zlib.h>
#include "png.h" /* libpng header */
#include "readpng.h" /* typedefs, common macros, public prototypes */
/* future versions of libpng will provide this macro: */
#ifndef png_jmpbuf
# define png_jmpbuf(png_ptr) ((png_ptr)->jmpbuf)
static png_structp png_ptr = NULL;
static png_infop info_ptr = NULL;
png_uint_32 width, height;
int bit_depth, color_type;
uch *image_data = NULL;
void readpng_version_info(void)
fprintf(stderr, " Compiled with libpng %s; using libpng %s.\n",
PNG_LIBPNG_VER_STRING, png_libpng_ver);
fprintf(stderr, " Compiled with zlib %s; using zlib %s.\n",
ZLIB_VERSION, zlib_version);
/* return value = 0 for success, 1 for bad sig, 2 for bad IHDR, 4 for no mem */
int readpng_init(FILE *infile, ulg *pWidth, ulg *pHeight)
uch sig[8];
/* first do a quick check that the file really is a PNG image; could
* have used slightly more general png_sig_cmp() function instead */
fread(sig, 1, 8, infile);
if (png_sig_cmp(sig, 0, 8))
return 1; /* bad signature */
/* could pass pointers to user-defined error handlers instead of NULLs: */
png_ptr = png_create_read_struct(png_get_libpng_ver(NULL), NULL, NULL,
if (!png_ptr)
return 4; /* out of memory */
info_ptr = png_create_info_struct(png_ptr);
if (!info_ptr) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, NULL, NULL);
return 4; /* out of memory */
/* we could create a second info struct here (end_info), but it's only
* useful if we want to keep pre- and post-IDAT chunk info separated
* (mainly for PNG-aware image editors and converters) */
/* setjmp() must be called in every function that calls a PNG-reading
* libpng function */
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr))) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
return 2;
png_init_io(png_ptr, infile);
png_set_sig_bytes(png_ptr, 8); /* we already read the 8 signature bytes */
png_read_info(png_ptr, info_ptr); /* read all PNG info up to image data */
/* alternatively, could make separate calls to png_get_image_width(),
* etc., but want bit_depth and color_type for later [don't care about
* compression_type and filter_type => NULLs] */
png_get_IHDR(png_ptr, info_ptr, &width, &height, &bit_depth, &color_type,
*pWidth = width;
*pHeight = height;
/* OK, that's all we need for now; return happy */
return 0;
/* returns 0 if succeeds, 1 if fails due to no bKGD chunk, 2 if libpng error;
* scales values to 8-bit if necessary */
int readpng_get_bgcolor(uch *red, uch *green, uch *blue)
png_color_16p pBackground;
/* setjmp() must be called in every function that calls a PNG-reading
* libpng function */
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr))) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
return 2;
if (!png_get_valid(png_ptr, info_ptr, PNG_INFO_bKGD))
return 1;
/* it is not obvious from the libpng documentation, but this function
* takes a pointer to a pointer, and it always returns valid red, green
* and blue values, regardless of color_type: */
png_get_bKGD(png_ptr, info_ptr, &pBackground);
/* however, it always returns the raw bKGD data, regardless of any
* bit-depth transformations, so check depth and adjust if necessary */
if (bit_depth == 16) {
*red = pBackground->red >> 8;
*green = pBackground->green >> 8;
*blue = pBackground->blue >> 8;
} else if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY && bit_depth < 8) {
if (bit_depth == 1)
*red = *green = *blue = pBackground->gray? 255 : 0;
else if (bit_depth == 2)
*red = *green = *blue = (255/3) * pBackground->gray;
else /* bit_depth == 4 */
*red = *green = *blue = (255/15) * pBackground->gray;
} else {
*red = (uch)pBackground->red;
*green = (uch)pBackground->green;
*blue = (uch)pBackground->blue;
return 0;
/* display_exponent == LUT_exponent * CRT_exponent */
uch *readpng_get_image(double display_exponent, int *pChannels, ulg *pRowbytes)
double gamma;
png_uint_32 i, rowbytes;
png_bytepp row_pointers = NULL;
/* setjmp() must be called in every function that calls a PNG-reading
* libpng function */
if (setjmp(png_jmpbuf(png_ptr))) {
image_data = NULL;
row_pointers = NULL;
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
return NULL;
/* expand palette images to RGB, low-bit-depth grayscale images to 8 bits,
* transparency chunks to full alpha channel; strip 16-bit-per-sample
* images to 8 bits per sample; and convert grayscale to RGB[A] */
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_PALETTE)
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY && bit_depth < 8)
if (png_get_valid(png_ptr, info_ptr, PNG_INFO_tRNS))
if (bit_depth == 16)
# else
# endif
if (color_type == PNG_COLOR_TYPE_GRAY ||
/* unlike the example in the libpng documentation, we have *no* idea where
* this file may have come from--so if it doesn't have a file gamma, don't
* do any correction ("do no harm") */
if (png_get_gAMA(png_ptr, info_ptr, &gamma))
png_set_gamma(png_ptr, display_exponent, gamma);
/* all transformations have been registered; now update info_ptr data,
* get rowbytes and channels, and allocate image memory */
png_read_update_info(png_ptr, info_ptr);
*pRowbytes = rowbytes = png_get_rowbytes(png_ptr, info_ptr);
*pChannels = (int)png_get_channels(png_ptr, info_ptr);
/* Guard against integer overflow */
if (height > ((size_t)(-1))/rowbytes) {
fprintf(stderr, "readpng: image_data buffer would be too large\n",
return NULL;
if ((image_data = (uch *)malloc(rowbytes*height)) == NULL) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
return NULL;
if ((row_pointers = (png_bytepp)malloc(height*sizeof(png_bytep))) == NULL) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
image_data = NULL;
return NULL;
Trace((stderr, "readpng_get_image: channels = %d, rowbytes = %ld, height = %ld\n",
*pChannels, rowbytes, height));
/* set the individual row_pointers to point at the correct offsets */
for (i = 0; i < height; ++i)
row_pointers[i] = image_data + i*rowbytes;
/* now we can go ahead and just read the whole image */
png_read_image(png_ptr, row_pointers);
/* and we're done! (png_read_end() can be omitted if no processing of
* post-IDAT text/time/etc. is desired) */
row_pointers = NULL;
png_read_end(png_ptr, NULL);
return image_data;
void readpng_cleanup(int free_image_data)
if (free_image_data && image_data) {
image_data = NULL;
if (png_ptr && info_ptr) {
png_destroy_read_struct(&png_ptr, &info_ptr, NULL);
png_ptr = NULL;
info_ptr = NULL;