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libusb for Android
To build libusb for Android do the following:
1. Download the latest NDK from:
2. Extract the NDK.
3. Open a shell and make sure there exist an NDK global variable
set to the directory where you extracted the NDK.
4. Change directory to libusb's "android/jni"
5. Run "$NDK/ndk-build".
The libusb library, examples and tests can then be found in:
Where $ARCH is one of:
If you wish to use libusb from native code in own Android application
then you should add the following line to your file:
include $(PATH_TO_LIBUSB_SRC)/android/jni/
You will then need to add the following lines to the build
configuration for each native binary which uses libusb:
The Android build system will then correctly include libusb in the
application package (APK) file, provided ndk-build is invoked before
the package is built.
Runtime Permissions:
The Runtime Permissions on Android can be transferred from Java to Native
over the following approach:
--> Obtain USB permissions over the android.hardware.usb.UsbManager class
usbManager = (UsbManager) getSystemService(Context.USB_SERVICE);
HashMap<String, UsbDevice> deviceList = usbManager.getDeviceList();
for (UsbDevice usbDevice : deviceList.values()) {
usbManager.requestPermission(usbDevice, mPermissionIntent);
--> Get the native FileDescriptor of the UsbDevice and transfer it to
Native over JNI or JNA
UsbDeviceConnection usbDeviceConnection = usbManager.openDevice(camDevice);
int fileDescriptor = usbDeviceConnection.getFileDescriptor();
--> JNA sample method:
--> Initialize libusb on Android
set_the_native_Descriptor(int fileDescriptor) {
libusb_context *ctx;
libusb_device_handle *devh;
libusb_wrap_sys_device(NULL, (intptr_t)fileDescriptor, &devh);
/* From this point you can regularly use all libusb functions as usual */
The method libusb_set_option(&ctx, LIBUSB_OPTION_NO_DEVICE_DISCOVERY, NULL)
does not affect the ctx.
It allows initializing libusb on unrooted Android devices by skipping
the device enumeration.
Rooted Devices:
For rooted devices the code using libusb could be executed as root
using the "su" command. An alternative would be to use the "su" command
to change the permissions on the appropriate /dev/bus/usb/ files.
Users have reported success in using android.hardware.usb.UsbManager
to request permission to use the UsbDevice and then opening the
device. The difficulties in this method is that there is no guarantee
that it will continue to work in the future Android versions, it
requires invoking Java APIs and running code to match each
android.hardware.usb.UsbDevice to a libusb_device.
For a rooted device it is possible to install libusb into the system
image of a running device:
1. Enable ADB on the device.
2. Connect the device to a machine running ADB.
3. Execute the following commands on the machine
running ADB:
# Make the system partition writable
adb shell su -c "mount -o remount,rw /system"
# Install libusb
adb push obj/local/armeabi/ /sdcard/
adb shell su -c "cat > /system/lib/ < /sdcard/"
adb shell rm /sdcard/
# Install the samples and tests
for B in listdevs fxload xusb sam3u_benchmark hotplugtest stress
adb push "obj/local/armeabi/$B" /sdcard/
adb shell su -c "cat > /system/bin/$B < /sdcard/$B"
adb shell su -c "chmod 0755 /system/bin/$B"
adb shell rm "/sdcard/$B"
# Make the system partition read only again
adb shell su -c "mount -o remount,ro /system"
# Run listdevs to
adb shell su -c "listdevs"
4. If your device only has a single OTG port then ADB can generally
be switched to using Wifi with the following commands when connected
via USB:
adb shell netcfg
# Note the wifi IP address of the phone
adb tcpip 5555
# Use the IP address from netcfg
adb connect